You most likely have a specific dog breed in mind. A good way to make sure you get a healthy puppy is to read and research about the breed. Know their weaknesses and strengths and look out for common illnesses. Some early signs and symptoms of illnesses can be spotted in puppies. By doing your homework, you would know what to look for and what to avoid.
Choose one that is active
Actives puppies are usually healthy puppies. Young dogs are like babies, they like to explore the area, move around, and get into things. When at the kennel, ask the dog handler if you can check puppies that are in an open area or if you can let them run around first before picking one out. Observe them and spot one that seems to be very excited and plays around.
Check the puppy’s medical history
When the puppy was born, did it have any abnormalities? Was the vet able to give it a check up? Did the mother have any problems while carrying and giving birth to them? These little details can save you a lot of hassle. It’s better to find out if there is something wrong with the puppy now then becoming worried about it later.
Also check the parent’s medical history
Many common dog illnesses, such as degenerative myelopathy, cancer, and arthritis, are carried in the genes of canines. Illnesses like degenerative myelopathy only manifest after the dog is already a few years older. It’s best to check if the puppy’s blood line has a history of illnesses and disease. This way, you can be prepared if signs and symptoms would be seen on the dog after a few years.
Go to a kennel or registered breeder
As much as possible, go to a kennel or a registered breeder when getting a puppy. The dogs here are well taken care of and usually come complete with vaccinations and anti-rabies shots. You are also assured about the dog breed and bloodline.